RESTRICTIONS FOR REMOTE WORK OF IT SPECIALISTS LIVING ABROAD: EXPERIENCE AND CHALLENGES OF EAEU MEMBER STATES
Ключевые слова:remote work, IT specialists, foreign workers, wage, labor safety, conflict rules
In the context of sanctions pressure on Russia the issues of import substitution in the field of digital technologies are getting even more urgent. Highly qualified specialists with respective competencies are in short demand in the country. The government take some measures to that end, but they can solve all the problems. Engagement of required specialists from abroad – those working on a remote basis – could improve the situation. However, there are certain unresolved issues in the labor legislation of the Russian Federation and some other countries, including members of international economic integration organizations such as the Eurasian Economic Union that hinder this process. Identification of hindrances and restrictions preventing free movement of human resources in EAEU member states and efficient use of remote work in the field of IT is what this paper is dedicated to. To that end the actual situation unfolding in the labor market of the field of IT on the territory of EAEU member states has been analyzed, and so has been labor and other legislation of member states regulating the labor of remote workers and the academic literature and papers published in the periodicals. The system analysis and comprehensive review of sources and comparative legal studies have become the main methods of research. As a result, legal and organizational restrictions preventing efficient application of remote work of IT specialists typical for some or even all EAEU member states have been identified. Also, there have been suggested some ways to overcome the identified restrictions that can be implemented by adopting new legal provisions or by amending the existing ones.
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